Estimasi Konsumsi dan Asupan Zat Besi dari Pangan Berbasis Tepung Terigu pada Siswi SMA di Kota Bogor.
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Iron deficiency is a major micronutrient problem in the world. Fortification is the best strategy to increase iron intake through food based approached. The objective of research is to know consumption of fortified wheat flour based foods among high school/women students. The design used in this study was a crosssectional study with high size of 120 girls aged 15-18 years. The research was conducted at three schools with different social-economic status. Pastries/biscuits is the most often products consumed by the students (19.8 ± 19.3 times/month) and snacks (12.8 ± 16.1 times/month). Daily weight consumption of biscuits/pastries is the highest in SMAN 1 and SMAN 10 students, but in SMA PGRI 4 students, instant noodles is the most contributed one. The average intake of wheat flour equivalent consumption a day is 96.2 g, with the highest is among SMA PGRI 4 student (115.8 g), SMAN 10 student (95.4g) and SMAN 1 student (77.3g). Wheat flour based food contributes to 23.0% of RDA of iron. The research found that there was no significant relation between school allowance and amount of wheat consumption (p=0.943, r=0.004).
- UT - Nutrition Science