Karakteristik Fisik, Organoleptik, dan Kimia, Melorin Kacang Koro Pedang (Canavalia ensiformis L.)
Mukholad, Muhammad Wildan
Ahza, Adil Basuki
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This research was aimed to assess the influence of the types and concentrations of vegetable oil/fat to the physical, organoleptical, and chemical characteristics of jack bean mellorine. A completely randomized designed was used to study 2 factors (fat/oil types and concentrations). Four formulas studied were mellorine with soybean and coconut oil in 10 % and 15 % concentrations. The result showed that the viscosity (856.70 cP - 1193.33 cP), overrun (23.13 % - 29.12 %), and texture (4.50 mm/5 seconds – 8.80 mm/5 seconds) of the mellorine were increasing with the increase of oil concentration (p < 0.05) while the melting time was not affected by the oil types and concentrations (p > 0.05). Based on organoleptic analysis (colour, flavour, texture, taste, and overall), the data showed that the formulas were not significantly different (p > 0.05). Mellorine with 10 % coconut oil was chosen as best formula due to economical reason. The best formula of mellorine has moisture, ash, fat, protein, and carbohydrate content, were 74.03 ± 0.30 g/100 g, 0.28 ± 0.08 g/100 g, 11.39 ± 0.05 g/100 g, 1.44 g/100 g ± 0.00, and 24.25 ± 0.27 g/100 g respectively.