Pengaruh Heat Moisture Treatment terhadap Sifat tekstural dan Retrogradasi Gel Pati Aren dan Tapioka
Mauluddin, Muhamad Jaenal Septian Nur
Adawiyah, Dede R.
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Heat Moisture Treatment (HMT) is one of physical modification techniques that uses limited moisture where heating process at high temperature is implemented for certain period of time. This research studied the effect of HMT modification on textural properties and retrogradation of aren and tapioca starch gel. HMT modification was done by using autoclaving method at 120 oC in 60 minutes for tapioca and 90 minutes for aren. Before autoclaving process, the water content of starch was adjusted into 20% (b/b, wb). The observation of retrogradation was done on starch gel with water content 10% (b/b, db) and refrigerated at 4 oC for 7 days. Textural analysis was done by doing compression using texture analyzer. Degree of retrogradation analysis was done by analyzing the changes of hardness from starch gel, and analyzing amylose hydrolisis using α-amylase enzyme. The result from textural analysis and degree of retrogradation analysis show that HMT modification could make starch gel become fragile, shown by decreasing breaking strain. From degree of retrogradation analysis, it is known that HMT modification increased hardness and degree of retrogradation of starch gel. According to this research, it can be concluded that HMT modification could make starch gel become fragile, increase hardness, and increase retrogradation of native starch gel.