Kajian Pemanfaatan dan Pengembangan Potensi Ekstrak Manggis Merah (Garcinia forbesii) sebagai Minuman Fungsional Kaya Antioksidan dan Kestabilannya
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Red Mangosteen (Garcinia forbesii) is a fruit that comes from South Kalimantan and rarely used by people. Red mangosteen fruit has white flesh with sweet flavor and fresh red rind with strong sour taste. Red mangosteen rind has a potency to be processed into functional beverage. This study is aimed to determine the functional beverage formulas made from red mangosteen rind extract (M) and emprit ginger extract (J) with the addition of pekak extract (P) and cinnamon extract (K) and then analyzed the characterization of physicochemical properties, functional and determination of its stability at high temperatures. Raw Material M obtained in the form of extracts with 1.4 TPT oBrix while J , P and K obtained by water extraction with water and spices ratio of 1:10 for J and 1:5 for P and K. Formula drink based on M and J was made in three concentration ratio, which is 5:1 (MJ 1), 5:2 (MJ 2), and 5:3 (MJ 3) (v/v). MJ 1 formula is selected as the basic formula based on hedonic rating test and antioxidant capacity. MJ 1 formula is given each addition P extracts and K extract which is made in three different concentrations, are 5%, 10%, and 15%. Formula MJP 5% and MJK 5% is chosen as the selected formula to determine its stability. Formula MJP 5% has the antioxidant capacity 6,46 mg AEAC/mL and total phenol content 20,38 mg GAE/mL, while MJP 5% has 7,95 mg AEAC/mL antioxidant capacity and total phenol content 21,17 mg GAE/mL. Determination of stability MJP 5% and MJK 5% to 85% usable quality was conducted by using the Arrhenius method with antioxidant capacity and total phenol content as parameters. Both formulas packaged in vials dark bottles of 10 ml volume without heating treatment processes, such as pasteurization and sterilization and stored in an incubator at temperature 35°C, 45°C and 55°C. Stability of MJK 5% stored at 35°C, 45°C and 55°C are 8 days, 5 days and 4 days based on the antioxidant capacity parameter and 7 days, 6 days, and 5 days based on total phenol parameters, while the stability of MJP 5% is 9 days, 6 days, and 5 days based on antioxidant capacity parameter and 7 days, 6 days, and 5 days based on total phenol parameter. The observation results showed that the formula mixture of red mangosteen rind extract and ginger extract by the addition of pekak extract and cinnamon extract could potentially be developed as a functional drink from the utilization of rare fruit cultivation, red mangosteen fruit.