Polyphenol Extraction from Mangosteen Pericarp (Garcinia mangostana L.) and Its Application in Tea Product
Afifah, Rufnia Ayu
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Mangosteen pericarp has high polyphenol content that have disease preventive properties. The objective of this research was to utilize mangosteen pericarp from waste into added value and to evaluate stability on polyphenol content of green tea drink with mangosteen pericarp extract. Mangosteen pericarp was dried at 50ºC using tray dryer and the moisture content reached 7.43±0.10%. Dried pericarp was extracted with distilled water at 1:5 ratio (w/v). Green tea drink was added by mangosteen pericarp extract with seven different concentrations (0.1-0.7%). The extract then was infused into green tea drink which was mixed with three different concentrations of citric acid (0.06, 0.1, and 0.2%). The result showed that mangosteen pericarp extract had total phenolic compound (127.39±1.19 mg GAE/ml sample), DPPH (4491.63±67.52 μmol Trolox/ml sample), and FRAP (21,492±134.50 mM asorbic acid/ml sample). The maximum concentration of mangosteen pericarp extract in the tea drink that can be accepted by panelist was 0.4%. Tea with the highest concentration of citric acid (0.2%) had the lowest pH (2.79), the highest total phenolic compound (25.48±0.38 mg GAE/ml sample), DPPH (57862.08±1248.85 μmol Trolox/100 ml sample), and FRAP (5,681.11±33.39 mM asorbic acid/ml sample) compared with other treatments (p<0.05). Therefore, the study concluded that mangosteen pericarp extract can be applied in tea drink and provided more polyphenol content for the product. In addition, polyphenol was more stable in acid condition.