Pengaruh Suhu dan Lama Penyeduhan Teh Hitam (Camellia sinensis) serta Proses Pencernaan secara In Vitro terhadap Penghambatan Aktivitas Enzim Alfa Amilase dan Alfa Glukosidase secara In Vitro
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Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin. Natural alpha amylase and alpha glucosidase inhibitors from food-grade plants offer an attractive strategy to eather manage or prevent type 2 diabetes by controlling of starch breakdown and intestinal glucose absorption. Black tea is the second most widely consumed beverage in the world after water. A lot of researches about bioactive compounds in tea related have been done. In this study, six extracts treated with different combination of temperature and brewing time were investigated for alpha amylase and alpha glucosidase inhibitory potential. Furthermore, the influence of the digestion condition in vitro to the activity of the enzymes was also performed in this study. The enzymes inhibitory and total phenol was measured by spectrophotometric while tannin content was measured by gravimetric method. Results showed that tea brewed by 70oC 15 minutes, 70oC 30 minutes, 100oC 5 minutes, 100oC 15 minutes can optimally inhibit amylase at initial extract (as an estimation of salivary alpha amylase), 70oC 15 minutes and 100oC 5 minutes can optimally inhibit pH digestion-controlled extract (pancreatic amylase), 70oC 30 minutes and 100oC 30 minutes can optimally inhibit alpha glucosidase at initial extract, also 70oC 15 minutes, 100oC 15 minutes, and 100oC 30 minutes can optimally inhibit at pH digestion-controlled extract. Alpha amylase inhibitory has a positive correlation with tannin content but not with total phenol. While alpha glucosidase inhibitory showed no correlation with tannin and showed a negative correlation with total phenol.