Pemanfaatan Tepung Jerami Nangka (Artocarpus Heterophyllus Lmk.) Dalam Pembuatan Cookies Tinggi Serat
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The objective of this research is to Develop Formula of Jackfruit Straw Flour in High Fiber Cookies Production. Straw is the part of jackfruit that unutilized. The process of jackfruit straw flour production involve cleaning the straw, blanching, soaking in sodium metabisulphyte, grinding the straw, dehidrying with drum drier, and milling the flour to reduce the size. The density kamba of the flour is 0,17 g/ml, and its yield is 11,78%. The jackfruit straw flour consists of 6,68% water; 4,38% ash; 7,86% protein; 6,13% fat; 81,6% carbohydrate; 16,72% soluble dietary fiber (SDF); 33,57% insoluble dietary fiber (IDF); and 50,29% total dietary fiber (TDF). Cookies is made by adding some jackfuit straw flour in order to fill high fiber condition, that is containing 6 g fiber per 100 g. The formulas are F0 (control), F1 (with 8% or 19 g jackfruit straw flour), F2 (with 9,5% or 23 g jackfruit straw flour), and F3 (with 11% or 27 g jackfruit straw flour). Total dietary fiber cookies ranging from 2,83%-12,72%. Addition of jackfruit straw flour has real effect to decrese quality of colour, aroma, taste, and texture of cookies. Addition of jackfruit straw flour has real effect to decerase acceptance of colour, taste, and texture of cookies. Additon of jackfruit straw flour has real effect to increase protein, SDF, IDF, and TDF content of cookies.
- UT - Nutrition Science