Produksi Kantong Plastik Komposit dari Tepung Ubi Kayu dan LLDPE
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Composites plastic is plastic which made from synthetic polymer and biopolymer blends with the addition some additives. The purpose of this study was to produce composites plastic bags from linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) resin and cassava flour with the addition of additives such as water and glycerol as plasticizer and palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) as compatibilizer. The results showed that the best formulation for the production of plastic bags is LLDPE and cassava flour ratio 7:3 with the addition of glycerol 30% and PFAD 5%. This formulation produced composites plastic which has specific gravity 0.916 and melt flow index 4.45 gram/10 min. Composites plastic film has thickness 250 micron and the texture of its surface is relative smooth. Tensile strength and elongation value of composites plastic film at each orientation is 3.71 MPa and 396.18% for machine direction, 3.06 MPa and 126.29% for transverse direction, and 3.11 MPa and 137.06% for heat sealing. The value of whiteness index, yellowness index and opacity of composites plastic film is 6.36, 16.28 and 18.13.