Penurunan Bahan Polutan Air Baku Biofiltrasi dengan Media Pengisi Pasir dan Plastik Sarang Tawon
Wiryastuti, Nisa Urahmi
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Biofiltration is a biological treatment process utilizing the biofilm activity of certain microorganisms. The microorganism is utilized to degrade contaminants in the raw water. River water is widely used for drinking water supply, although it sometimes does not meet the standard of raw water. This research was aimed to determine the effectivity of biofiltration to pre-treat raw water and to evaluate the capability of biofiltration in equalizing a quality fluctuation. Honeycomb plastic and sand were used as media in this study. Continuous air supply was done so that an aerobic condition was created. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of biofilters for the treatment of raw water and to determine the capability of the biofilters in equalizing of a quality fluctuations. The research consisted of three stages, namely characterization of the raw water, the acclimatization for 4 weeks and loading test. The biofiltration with sand as media could reduce organic pollutants (COD) approx. 80%, that was higher than the COD reduction approx. 69% by biofiltration using honeycomb plastic has. Sand media biofiltration with detergent loading rate of 0.1-32 mg/L resulted in detergent reduction of approx. 55%, whereas the biofilter with honeycomb plastic resulted in detergent reduction of approx. 45%. Generally, increased loading rate would resulted in reducing of pollutant, both media. The absolut pollutants removal increased with increasing of load.