Penyusutan dan Mortalitas Ayam Broiler pada Jarak Tempuh yang Berbeda Selama Pengangkutan
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Transportation aspects of broiler chickens to slaughterhouse are concerned to reduce bodyweight and to increase number of mortality. The experiment was conducted to study the bodyweight loss and mortality of broiler chickens caused by transportation with different travelling distances. Chickens were transported to slaughterhouse at age of 40 days with average bodyweight at 1.5 kg and delivered from 3 different farms location in Bogor (50 km), Lebak (83 km), and Pandeglang (153 km), and observation was 3 times replicated. The percentage of bodyweight loss during travelling from Bogor, Lebak, and Pandeglang was 3.33 ± 0.06%, 3.73 ± 0.76%, and 4.50 ± 1.13%, respectively. The percentage of mortality during travelling from Bogor was 0.26 ± 0.17%, Lebak 0.74 ± 0.56%, and Pandeglang 0.46 ± 0.35%. There is a linear correlation between the percentage of bodyweight loss and the travelling distances of transported broiler chickens. but there is no correlation between mortality and the travelling distances. The highest percentage of mortality were from Lebak (83 km), Pandeglang (153 km), and Bogor (50 km), respectively.