Enkapsulasi Starter Yoghurt (Streptococcus thermophilus dan Lactobacillus bulgaricus) Menggunakan Bahan Pengisi Berbasis Pati
Kinasih, Norma Arisanti
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The viability of lactic acid bacteria (Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus) in yoghurt is declined during storage. To prevent this condition we need giving protection by encapsulating the bacteria. Encapsulating had been doing by emulsion method. Emulsion method held by emulsify encapsulating material (maize resistant starch and maltodextrin) with vegetable oil (canola oil containing 0,5% tween 80%), with the equivalent of them 1:2:2. 0.1% (cultivated from beginning of log phage) an amount inoculums was added. Emulsion method which used in this research has been modified. The process of adding CaCl2 solution using syringe 23 G (0. 573mm) and 10 cm of the drop distance from alginate-oil solution. The separating held by using shaker during 24 hours and beads collected using filtration. The composition of encapsulating material and filler had been using are alginate 2%: high amylose corn starch 2%, alginate 3%: maltodextrin 1% and alginate 4%. Drying process of wet beads which produced in this method using oven 40oC during two hour. Then, the best encapsulating material had advanced tested based on quality and quantity. Quantity test held by comparising the yoghurt which produced from free cell and commercial starter (yoghurtmert). The best encapsulating material is alginate 3%: maltodextrin 1%. Encapsulating increase the viability of the bacteria 6.09x105cfu/g (on wet beads) and 2.56 x105cfu/g (on dry beads) as compared to free cell. Yoghurt which produced by alginate 3%: maltodextrin 1% is more sour than free cell, but less than commercial starter. The result of hedonic can be describe that yoghurt which produced by alginate 3%: maltodextrin 1% is not different from commonly consumed yoghurt.