Pengembangan Model Perencanaan Untuk Pendirian Agroindustri Sutera Alam
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A development planning model for the establishment of natural silk agroindustry is required to provide related information, modeling, and description the factors that influence natural silk agroindustry establishment. The development of this planning model is needed because the production of natural silk agroindustry sector in Indonesia have not been able to meet government targets to date. The research objective is to study various factors in raw silk agroindustry establishment, and to develop a planning model for raw silk agroindustry establishment. These factors are consisted of natural silk products market condition, production processes, factory layout, institutional business, and agroindustry establishment financial feasibility analysis. The models are made for raw silk agroindustry establishment consist of raw silk demand forecasting analysis model, silkworm cultivation and natural silk agroindustry alternative selection model, production processes technology model, factory layout planning model, institutional business model for natural silk agroindustry, and silkworm cultivation and natural silk agroindustry establishment financial feasibility analysis model. The development of this model is also equipped with transformation models that can provide decision alternatives in the application program form. The raw silk demand forecasting analysis model obtain that demand forcast for September 2009 is 5.686 kg raw silk. The silkworm cultivation and natural silk agroindustry alternative selection model conclude that the best location for silkworm cultivation and natural silk agroindustry establisment based on comparison method exponential analysis is Megamendung District. The silkworm cultivation and natural silk agroindustry establishment financial feasibility analysis model is designed based on intitutional model of partnership business with the core plasma system. In this model, the analysis consists of financial feasibility on the core company and financial feasibility analysis on the plasma. The results of the financial feasibility analysis on the core company showed that the percentage of net imports average substitution is 11% or equal to the amount of production capacity of raw silk yarn is 288 Kg per month, the company core’s net profit per year approximately Rp. 227.069.941, NPV is Rp. 167.415.828, PI is 1,10, ROI is 14,34%, BEP is 2.853 kg raw silk dan PBP during 5,09 years. Meanwhile, The result of financial feasibility analysis in plasma level with the mulberry maintenance area is about 1 Ha and the capacity of silkworm cultivation is about five box per period of maintenance that these activities feasible to run with net profit per year Rp. 7.851.240, NPV is Rp. 24.127.825, PI is 1,39, ROI is 14,03%, BEP is 584 kg cocoon, and PBP during 4,92 years.