Formulasi Obat Kumur Gambir (Uncaria gambir Roxb)
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Gambier (UI/CClria gambir Roxb) is rubber essence which extracted from gambier leaves by pressure method (Amos et aI., 2004). Gambier with two main component that is catechin and catechutannic acid, have an astringent effect, antibacterial, pharmachological properties, and other toxics. That properties makes gambier often used medicine and pharmacy industry, leather tanning industry, and others. Though gambier have a lot of uselfulness, the exploration of gambier advantages still not optimal yet. Use gambier to be mouthwash preparation is one of the effort in exploration of gambier advantages, Gambier mouthwash will be able to replace the commercial mouthwash which contain alcohol and others syintetic chemicals, Mouthwash with an alcohol content of 25% or more have been implicated in mouth, tongue, and throat cancers about 50% (Brooking, 2000), The aim of this research is to get the best formulation of gambier mouthwash which can be inhibit to Streptococcus J17ulans growth and accepted by consumen by organoleptic test. Analysis which conducted at gambier mouthwash cover the examination of antibacterial activity, pH, viscosity, microbiology (total microbe) and organoleptic test which includes transparency, color, aroma (odor), taste and overall. Commercial herbal mouthwash was used as comparator. This research has resulted formulation of gambier mouthwash own the pH about 6.02-6.11, while pH of comparator is equal to 6.14, Viscosity of gambier mouthwash is about 1.85-1.93 cP, while the comparator having viscosity equal to 1.34 cr. Antibacterial activity has showed by diameter of zone of iIlhibilion is equal to 34.05-34.35 ml11, control ° 111m (none zone of inhibition), while the comparator equal to 28.55 mm. Formulation of gambier mouthwash and \.nmparator own the same total microbe, that is 0 co!ony/ml. Result of the manner analysis has showed that the variation of gambier concentration has not influence the antibacterial activity and pH value, but influence the viscosity of gambier mouthwash. Result of organoleptic test which includes transparency, color, taste and overall has indicate that gambier tnol1thwash which most accepted by the consumer is formulation of gambier mouthwash with the gambier concentration 0,2%.