Economic Analysis of Policy Making on Chondrichtyans Fishing Prohibition in Berau Regency, East Kalimantan (Case Study : The Derawan Archipelago).
Syam, Akhmad Fauzi
Nababan, Benny Osta
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Berau is one of the region that equipped with marine natural wealth. Since a long time, local people has been utilizing sea products as their livelihood. While in recent years, government of the region is focusing on the development of coastal and marine tourism as it projected to bring more sustainable benefit to the society. In the effort of making the plan works, the government has establish a temporary policy ; to prohibit all activity that related to sharks and rays fishing. However, there are a few stakeholders objected the newly made rule. In order to assuring the effectiveness of the plan and to minimize the negative impact burdened to few stakeholders, designing a new policy proposal is felt necessary. The objective of study are 1) to estimate the components that will be affected by the new policy, 2) to find an appropriate policy alternative, 3) to estimate and decide which policy alternative brings the biggest net benefit, and 4) to analyze the best implementation strategy. This study implement the Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) framework, adopted from Indonesian Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) and Organization Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD). The method that has been used in this study are productivity approach, economic multiplier impact calculation, exponential comparison method, cost – benefit analysis, and CIPP evaluation model. The components that are impacted divided into two industry; fisheries and tourism. The fisheries industry actual value is IDR 750,653,298 per month with the productivity rate of 16.92. The tourism industry brings the total value of Rp 35,067,076,021 per month with the value of Keynessian Income Multiplier of 0.47, value of Ratio Income Multiplier (1st type) is 1.44, and value of Ratio Income Multiplier (2nd type) is 1.48. From the application of ECM, it is founded that the most promising policy is to prohibit all fishing activity of conserved (listed) species only. After calculating the cost benefit-analysis, the chosen policy brings Rp 2,567,588,022,919 after twenty five (25) years of policy implementation. Completing the objectives, according to CIPP method the strategy that are needed is to provide another policies, opportunities, development, and studies that support the concept of Sustainable Goals of Berau Regency.