Social Representations About The City On The Urban Poor Communities. Case: Poor Community In Kelurahan Kebayoran Lama Selatan, Kecamatan Kebayoran Lama, South Jakarta, Dki Jakarta Province
Representasi Sosial Tentang Kota pada Komunitas Miskin di Perkotaan (Kasus: Sebuah Komunitas Miskin di Wilayah Kelurahan Kebayoran Lama Selatan, Kecamatan Kebayoran Lama, Jakarta Selatan, Provinsi DKI Jakarta)
Meyrizki, Selly Yunelda
Pandjaitan, Nurmala K.
MetadataShow full item record
Indonesia is a developing country which has focused on development. However, the development and acceleration of economic growth that occurred in Indonesia has not been evenly distributed in every province. This gives rise to a phenomenon of population movement (migration) occurring in rural communities who migrate to urban areas which eventually give rise to a phenomenon of urban poverty. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of poor communities in urban areas and to identify social representations about the city on poor communities in urban areas. The study was held in RT 004 RW 011, Kelurahan Kebayoran Lama Selatan, Kecamatan Kebayoran Lama, South Jakarta, DKI Jakarta Province. The number of respondents is 40 local poor peoples who elected by incidental sampling. Data collected through questionnaires and in-depth interviews with respondents and informants. The characteristics of poor communities are generally aged between under 25 to more than 54 years old, the majority of respondents are women, and generally work in the informal sector. The level of education of respondents are elementary school level (SD) or equivalent to high school level (high school) or equivalent. The income that can be obtained by poor communities were Rp. 100.000.00 up to Rp.1.500.000.00 per month. Overall poor communities did rural-urban migration between 1970 until 2010. The reason was to find a job, looking for experience, come to join her parents and husband, and generally they spent a time in a location was between 1 to 30 years. The frequency of returning home is zero to more than 4 times in the past year. Most of them do not choose the location as the first residence in the city. There are 4 kinds of type of social representations about the city and the poor. The dominant type of social representations about city is type a place to earn money. Beside that, the dominant type of social representations about the poor is underprivileged person.