Economic Policy For Sustainable Large Pelagic Fisheries Management In East Flores Regency
Utami, Pratita Budi
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Tuna and skipjack are categorized as large pelagic fish resource which has a high economic value and exploited for food, nutrition and export. The exploitation of those fishes in East Flores Regency is increasing in the last ten years, and raised the question of sustainable fisheries management. Based on these condition, the research aims to evaluate fisheries resource management, too analyzed economic surplus, to evaluate fisheries sustainable and economic policy analysis for sustainable management of the large pelagic fisheries. Survey method was used in this research and data analysis using bioeconomic, economic surplus, multi dimensional scaling and analysis hierarchy process. Based on analyses, tuna and skipjack resource exploitation is still under maximum economic yield (MEY) level. According to the calculation of the average degradation and depreciation of tuna are 0.350 and 0.351, and skipjack 0.354 and 0.275, since of the value are 0 less than 0.5 indicate that the tuna and skipjack have not degraded and depreciated. The best large pelagic fisheries (tuna and skipjack) management is carried out under level of MEYof tuna which production rate 6,072 tons per year and the effort, as many as 42,904 trips per year, with economic rent of Rp 88.9 billions per year. The economic surplus of producer is Rp 1.5 million per ton and consumer surplus is Rp 46 million per ton. MEY level of skipjack for production rate is 4,652 tons per year, and the effort 20,256 trips per year, with economic rent Rp 38.9 billion per year. The economic surplus of producer is Rp 0.31 million per ton and consumer surplus is Rp 0.58 million per ton. Sustainability analysis showed that three of five dimensions which are ecology, technology and institutional are good condition, but two dimension which are social and economy has to be improved. Policy toward sustainable large pelagic fisheries management should consider environmental friendly technology is the first priority, follows by monitoring and evaluation, price, labor, conflict management and marketing policies.
- MT - Fisheries