Analisis dampak ekonomi daerah tambak terhadap kesejahteraan ekonomi petani tambak dan masyarakat Kelurahan Marunda Kecamatan Cilincing Jakarta Utara
Malaguslanda, Apriska Sagita
Nababan, Benny Osta
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Cultivation activity at fishpond area caused both direct and indirect impact to the society around, such as economic impact from the fishpond itself. The aims of this research were (1) Identificated fishpond trading characteristic, trading unit, and local labor around its area; (2) recited the fishpond farmer wealth from crop producer surplus value; (3) analyzed economic impact that brought by milkfish and tiger prawn cultivation activity; (4) proposed the research recommendation results to increased fishpond farmer wealth and local society nearby the area. The methods in this research were descriptive analysis, producer surplus and multiplier. Research results found out that fishpond policulture income was higher than Province Minimum Salary decreed by DKI Jakarta which is IDR 2.441.000. Policulture fishpond farmer in Marunda gained the income amount was IDR 2.944.586 every month, with the producer surplus maximum profit were IDR 103.085.133.600 at the production point 80.569.348 kg, and average production results in the field were IDR 23.649.565 at production point 2.199 kg every hectare per year. Monoculture milkfish fishpond farmer income IDR 1.153.958 every month, with the producer surplus maximum profit amount was IDR 3.794.952 at production point 455 kg, and production average in the field was IDR 1.382.692 with production average 832 kg. Monoculture tiger prawn fishpond farmer gained income amount was IDR 2.348.571 every month, producer surplus maximum profit was IDR 18.396.396 at the production point 732 kg, and production average result in the field was IDR 15.935.370 with production average amount 428 kg. Multiplier analysis result showed that Keynesian Income Multiplier was 0,75. Ratio Income Multiplier Type I was 1,05 and Ratio Income Multiplier Type II was 1,10. Policulture fishpond cultivation profit was higher than monoculture technique and its amount was higher than DKI Jakarta Province minimum salary. Fishpond farmer gained surplus from cultivation activity, but still not got the maximum result so it was needed to increased production cost, intensive technology used, or expanded land area.