Dampak Ekonomi dan Pengelolaan Wisata Alam Pemandian Air Panas Gunung Salak Endah TNGHS, Kabupaten Bogor
Asir, La Ode Muhammad Ma’ruf
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Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak (TNGHS) which is located in Bogor District, West Java is one of the conservation area that also offer various tourism attraction. One of the tourism attraction is Pemandian Air Panas Gunung Salak Endah (GSE). The existence of Pemandian Air panas GSE at TNGHS can provide positive impact for surrounding community such as job opportunities, increase income, and support the conservation effort if activities that performed was not destroy the ecosystems. Therefore, people are expected to take part in conserving of natural resources and the environment to support the sustainability of the existence of attraction Pemandian Air Panas GSE. To support the sustainability of attraction, it necessary to performed an analysis of visitor perception used a descriptive analysis. The analysis of economic impact and the management of Pemandian Air Panas attraction must be known to determine how much influence of Pemandian Air Panas attraction for surrounding community. Economic impact generated from tourism activities cam be grouping into three category direct, indirect and induced of economic impacts which measured by the value of the multiplier effect. The results of this research was 1,41 for the Keynesian Income Multiplier, 1,86 for Ratio Income Multiplier type 1, and 1,58 for Ratio Income Multiplier type 2. In addition, as one of the attractions area in TNGHS region, it is necessary to know how management can support the resource and environmental sustainability can provide sustainable benefits to the surrounding community. Therefore this reaserch to be studied whether the current management si already with the rule and the sustainability SDAL. Based on the result analysis, it showed that the perception and management of Pemandian Air Panas GSE needs to be improved by taking the element of resource and environmental sustainably.