In Vitro Shoot Induction of Kaempferia parviflora Wall. Ex. Baker
Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning
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This research aimed to find the best MS salt concentration and cytokinin (BAP) concentration for K. parviflora rapid multiplication by using in vitro buds as explants. The experiment was done at Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory of Agronomy and Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University from January to November 2011. This research began by sterilizing shoots of K. parviflora rhizomes received from PT. Ogawa Indonesia to produce axenic culture. After about 8 weeks of growth, young shoots began to sprout. The young shoots of K. parviflora axenic culture were then cut and cultured individually on the treatment medium, which consist of two different MS salt concentrations (MS and ½ MS) and five different 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) concentrations (0, 1.25, 2.5, 3.75, and 5 ppm) respectively. Explants started to grow after 2 weeks of culture. Both MS salt concentration and BAP concentration treatments did not give a significant effect on the first shoot induction time, but ½ MS medium supplemented with 5 ppm BAP could induce first shoot faster than other treatments, which is within an average of 2.5 weeks after cultured (WAC). At early observation (2 to 4 WAC), medium enriched with 3.75 ppm BAP induced more shoot than the other treatments, but at the end, control medium (MS0) induced more shoot than other treatments. Starting from 2 WAC, the explants cultured on 0 ppm BAP medium grow more rapidly than the other treatments, but after 10 WAC, they grow slower. All treatments have the same trend of leaf growth. At 2 to 8 WAC, the number of leaves is rising rapidly, but at the 9 WAC, it began to slow down.