Forest and Land Fires Management Policy in Riau Province
Kebijakan Pengelolaan Kebakaran Rutan dan Lahan di Provinsi Riau
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Forest and land fires in the province of Riau caused land use activIties by ~panies and farmers. Factors is causing forest fires and land on farmers is the ~it of burning on the land preparation; the community does not feel the direct itpact of forest and land fires, and the assumption that burning the land can ~rtilize the soil. Whereas the factors causing forest and land fires on the company i not applied to the policies and rules prohibiting burning by these companies. In ~dition to the factors that have not been optimal coordination between working ® its of local government and the institutions of the central government ~thorities to conduct surveillance as well as a program for tackling forest fires ~d land which is not effective causing forest and land fires continue to occur in i.e Riau Province. t-he property rights of natural resources (farmers and plantation companies and fi;>restry company) is not one of the root problems cause forest and land fires in the lfiau Province. On the other hand the existence of externalities are internalized i ctors is difficult, as the smoke became one of the root problems cause forest and i nd fires. The root of the problem is the weakness of the institutional response to fOrest and land fires, as well as yet of any policy or regulations at the national mvel, provincial and district, which makes the user able to manage natural (0 m... sources . rmplementation of incentives need to be done to improve the management forest and land fires in Riau Province. For companies, the guarantee mechanism rewards the performance of environmental management or other economic incentives such as tax reductions carried out by government agencies which have strong legitimacy. While for the society, the award can be a form of venture capital for the management of its land, or technical assistance in operational management of activities here. The sanction given is assertiveness the Government to punish violations by the company or society that burns the land through the lifting of the freeze or permit the company and social sanctions for the community rife importance of research to get the giving of incentives or disincentives Cfchnique based on social and cultural conditions of local communities, especially (f!1 the Riau Province. In addition to that of the technical side needs to researched Q)::curate early warning systems associated with the behavior of the culture of local ~mmunities in the Riau Province.
- MT - Forestry