Dampak Pencemaran Udara Terhadap Tumbuhan di Kebun Raya Bogor
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The Bogor Botanical Garden is the one of the biggest and most complete botanical garden in the world. But recently, pollution sources around of the garden such as motor vehicles could be harms to the garden. Air pollution gasses such as SO,,NO, and Pb particle are released by the motor vehicles and known as a phytotoxic agent. The objective of this research is to study the impact of the air pollution on the vegetation by measuring; concentration of SO,, NO, and Pb particles in the air, chlorotic and necrotic damage level on the leaves, damage percentage and the measurement of the cells and chlorophyll content in the leaves. This research was conducted from August 1997 to Februw 1998. Research used seven plots and nineteenth plants species of dicotyl class. Air pollution gasses were observed by Spectrophotometer and Pb particles by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Chlorotic and necrotic damages were observed by magnifying glass, cells damages and measurement by microscope, and leaves chlorophyll content by Spectrophotometer. Varian, regression and descriptive analysis analyzed data. The result of this research shows that pollution by SO2, NO2 gasses and Pb particles in the air of the garden mostly higher in every side of the garden. NO2 and Pb particles polluted the garden over the threshold limit allowed. Statistic analysis result that from the three pollutants in the air observed NO2 was only significant between plots. The concentration was mostly influenced by -amount of motor vehicles and wind directions. The impact on the vegetation showed that there are no both chlorotic and necrotic on the 19 plant species observed, so it was classified as zero in Kovack's levels. Cells damage was variously founded from one species to another. The highest damage was founded on F. Racemosa, V.cofassus and T. Hornemanium, which are growth on the roadside plots and highly air pollutant concentration. Chlorophyll content are significant different between species in each plot and was influenced by air pollution. The impact on kenari (C. vulgare) plant clearly observed that the leave cells anatomy measured become narrower, chlorophyll content lower and Pb particles higher when the air pollutants concentration are high.