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dc.contributor.advisorFarid, Muhammad
dc.contributor.advisorSucahyo, Lilis
dc.contributor.authorTriandika, Arya
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-23T08:42:20Z
dc.date.available2022-09-23T08:42:20Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.urihttp://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/114636
dc.description.abstractLimbah padat kelapa sawit yang semakin melimpah masih belum dimanfaatkan dengan baik dan dapat menyebabkan masalah lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan memanfaatkan limbah padat kelapa sawit menjadi bioarang. Percobaan diawali dengan preparasi sampel, torefaksi, dan karakterisasi bioarang sesuai dengan parameter standar mutu bioarang berdasarkan SNI 01−6235−2000. Limbah padat kelapa sawit diantaranya cangkang, pelepah, dan tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS) diolah kembali menjadi bioarang melalui proses torefaksi pada suhu 200–300 ℃. Parameter uji ialah kadar air, kadar abu, zat terbang, karbon terikat, daya serap iodin, dan kadar logam dengan spektroskopi serapan atom. Bioarang yang diperoleh dari cangkang, pelepah, dan TKKS terbukti memenuhi standar nasional Indonesia. Bioarang dari cangkang kelapa sawit memiliki kualitas terbaik dengan rendemen tertinggi 45,7%, kadar air dan abu yang rendah masing−masing 2,5% dan 1,9%, kadar zat terbang dan karbon terikat tertinggi masing−masing 12% dan 82%. Bioarang yang dihasilkan terbukti mengandung logam Cu, Mg, K, Ca yang bermanfaat sebagai bahan pembenah tanah.id
dc.description.abstractPalm oil solid waste which was increasing in number weren’t optimally utilized and can cause environmental problems. This study aims to use palm oil solid waste into biochar. The method, was carried out by sample preparation, torrefaction, and biochar characterization by the parameters of the biochar quality standard based on SNI 01−6235−2000. Palm oil solid waste, including shells, fronds, and empty fruit bunches (EFB), is reprocessed into biochar through a torrefaction process with a temperature of 200−300 ℃. The results showed data on several parameters, namely, water content, ash content, volatile matter, bound carbon, absorption of iodine, and metal content using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). Biochar obtained from the shell, fronds, and EFB is proven meets Indonesian national standards. Biochar from oil palm shells has the best quality with highest yield of 45,7%, low moisture and ash content of 2,5% and 1,9%, respectively, volatile matter, and highest bound carbon content of 12% and 82%. It's shown that metal content Cu, Mg, K, and Ca are good for soil enhancers.id
dc.language.isoidid
dc.publisherIPB Universityid
dc.titlePembuatan dan Karakterisasi Bioarang Hasil Torefaksi Limbah Padat Kelapa Sawitid
dc.title.alternativeProduction and Characterization of Biochar from Torrefaction of Palm Oil Solid Wasteid
dc.typeUndergraduate Thesisid
dc.subject.keywordBioarangid
dc.subject.keywordlimbah padat kelapa sawitid
dc.subject.keywordpembenah tanahid
dc.subject.keywordtorefaksiid
dc.subject.keywordBiocharid
dc.subject.keywordpalm oil solid wasteid
dc.subject.keywordsoil repairerid
dc.subject.keywordtorrefactionid


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