Pengembangan Kelembagaan Ekonomi Pemuda Desa Pada Era Digital, (Kajian Pengelolaan Badan Usaha Milik Desa Bersama Panca Mandala di Kecamatan Jatiwaras, Kabupaten Tasikmalaya)
Kolopaking, Lala M
Lubis, Djuara P.
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The problem that generally occurs in Indonesia today is that people living in rural areas have not experienced high-speed internet networks, the availability of computer technology and good, fast and cheap telephone services (Subiakto 2013). In 2009, the Head of Mandalamekar Village, Jatiwaras District, Tasikmalaya Regency had to travel 30 km to one of the nearest internet cafes to fill out and start using the village website http://mandalamekar.wordpress.com as a way to introduce the condition of the village and its potential. This village website was created to convey village development activities and their potential even though signal conditions and internet access are not yet available. In 2011, the neighboring villages of Mandalamekar such as Papayan, Mandalahurip, and Kertarahayu took part in the Mandalamekar initiative to create a village website as a way to get attention and support from the government of Tasikmalaya Regency, West Java Province, and the Central Government. The rural digital divide lies in the lack of young village human resources, limited content, and limited internet access network infrastructure. The Panca Mandala Inter-Village Cooperation Area in Jatiwaras District, Tasikmalaya Regency, West Java Province is a rural area that has bottom-up initiatives. Aims to realize community welfare by forming a Joint Village Owned Enterprise as a forum for developing village community economic institutions. This study aims to describe the institutional form of BUM Desa Bersama in the Panca Mandala Rural area in responding to the community's mandate to optimize the region's main commodities and formulate a strategy for developing village youth community economic institutions in the digital era. This study uses qualitative methods supported by quantitative data. The research location is in BUM Desa Bersama Panca Mandala. This research was conducted from 2019 to July 2021. The subjects of this research consisted of respondents and informants. Data collection for program evaluation determined 30 respondents to manage BUM Desa Bersama, and the parties that formed Inter-Village Cooperation. The informants used in this study consisted of community leaders, village government, youth, farmers, traders, and breeders. The analysis results shows the level of progress in the management of BUM Desa Bersama are on an advanced scale (3.921). The biggest contribution to the assessment of the progress level of BUM Desa Bersama Panca Mandala is the evaluation factor for the achievement of the vision and mission (4.111), and the suitability of strategy and goals (4.375). Meanwhile, the assessment notes for the determinants of the evaluation of the management level (3.693) and the level of financial management (3.606), there are respondents who still place the BUM Desa Bersama Panca Mandala institution as advanced. There are several respondents who categorize the position of management and finance in a less developed condition and some even categorize it as not advanced. The analysis of the parties and respondents of the Panca Mandala Area at the Technology of Participation workshop showed the existence of BUM Desa Bersama in the category to carry out internal consolidation, especially on issues of business unit operational management and finance. Likewise, in the scope of inter-village cooperation, the parties encourage BKAD management and BUM Desa Bersama to conduct a series of socializations about the goals and institutions established in the Panca Mandala area.
- MT - Human Ecology