Model dan Strategi Pemberdayaan Keluarga Miskin di Kabupaten Bogor
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The improvement of family well-being has become a major objective of national development program. There are many programs to increase the family well-being have been implemented. However, in 2006, there are still about 39.05 million people (17.8%) live in proverty. The objective of the research is to determine factors affecting the family welfare and the efforts of family to enhance their livings. A cross sectional survey involving 240 randomly selected sample of family in eight purposively selected villages has been conducted. The aspects of family resource management that significantly influencing family well-being are planning, organizing, and controlling. The results of the study indicated that planning is significantly influenced by rural area (p<0.05), distribution of duty in family is significantly influenced by rural area (p<0.05), and husband education (p<0.01), and controlling is significantly influenced by income (p<0.05). The study use four methods to indicate family well-being, those are BPS (expenditure per capital compared to poverty line). BKKBN (six qualitative indicators), proportion of food expenditure, and family perception of their well-being. The results of the study indicated that prevalence of poor family of the sample in the rural area was vary from 6.6% (BPS methods) to 67.2% (perception family methods), prevalence of poor family of the sample in the urban area was vary from 15,0% (BPS methods) to 71.7% (perception family methods). By using BPS method as a benchamrk, BKKBN and proportion of food expenditure methods in the rural area are considered to be high specificity, while family perception method is considered to be high sensitivity method. But by using BPS method as a benchmark, and proportion of food expenditure methods in the urban area are considered to be high specificity, while BKKBN methods and perception family are considered to be high sensitivity. Urban area tends to have higher prevalence of poor family as compared to rural area.
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