Konservasi Spesies Kunci Budaya Masyarakat Desa Kalipait di Sekitar Taman Nasional Alas Purwo, Jawa Timur.
Azmi, Rizka Sya`bana
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Species whose existence and symbolic value are essential to the stability of a cultural group over time is defined as Cultural Keystone Species (CKS). This research assessed the use and value of CKS in the community of Kalipait Village, surrounding Alas Purwo National Park (APNP. Data were collected through indepth interview and direct field observation. Once interviews and literature review were completed, the preliminary list of cultural keystone species was assessed using an Index of Identified Cultural Influence (ICI), to identify potential CKS regarding intensity and variation of use, persistence in memory, symbolism within narratives of ceremony and the degree to which it is irreplaceable by similiar native species. The Kalipait people were identified with CKS which were exceptionally important to their daily lives, i.e., 5 species of flora and 1 species fauna. Rice (Oryza sativa), coconut (Cocos nucifera), and poultry (Gallus domesticus) were CKS that cultivated by the people, while manon (Helminthostachys zeylanica), bamboo (Bambusa spinosa), and stigi (Pemphis acidula) were gathered from inside APNP. The CKS gathered from inside APNP caused decrease of population and damage to growing place, so that conservation efforts that can be done is vegetative cultivation.