Sebaran Spasial dan Tipe Metapopulasi Macan Dahan (Neofelis diardi Cuvier, 1823) di Taman Nasional Sebangau, Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah.
Kuncahyo, Bantista Adies
Alikodra, Hadi S
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Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi Cuvier, 1823) is top predator in Sebangau National Park (SNP) forest which their existence are more threats caused by loss and fragmentation habitat in order that is potential to make N. diardi devided in to be several sub population or known as a metapopulation. This study aimed to obtain information about the spatial distribution of sunda clouded leopard in SNP and predict the risk of local extinction by identifying the type of metapopulation. Data collection was conducted from June until November 2014 by using study literature method, interviews, download, field orientation and combination of direct and indirect observation methods such as track set, grid, camera trap, and sign of animal (footprints, feces, claw, scratch, scrape, and voice). This study showed that distribution of N. diardi influenced by the distance from water sources (P = 0.002) and potential disturbance (P = 0.017), forest canopy cover (P = 0.04), peat depth (P = 0.002), and the type of habitat in SNP (P = 0.011) also the presence and abundance of preys, but only the altitude factor didn‟t affect toward distribution of N. diardi (P = 0.064). Spatial distribution patterns of N. diardi in SNP was clumped (x2hitung = 39.67, x20.025 = 26.12) with type of metapopulation was patchy population due to fragmentation from the existance of canal network so it had a low risk of local extinction, but the type of metapopulation could be changed by following the changes of habitat connectivity and the existence of threat to the N. diardi and their habitats.