Kajian Retrospektif Kasus Infausta Fraktur Ekstremitas pada Satwa Liar Felidae di Taman Safari Indonesia
Limansastro, Rachmiati Amaryllis Suleika
Lelana, RP Agus
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Conservation medicine is very important to maintain the survival of endangered animals in captivity or ex-situ conservation site such as Taman Safari Indonesia (TSI). In this position, conservation medicine should be able to judge the recovery progress of ill animal as good prognosis (fausta), bad prognosis (infausta), or doubt prognosis (dubius). In order to study the cause of infausta cases in TSI, we did a retrospective study of six extremity fracture cases on wild felids where three of it were considered infausta during 2011–2014. From the previous study, fluctuation of calcium and phosphor value were found as a predisposition factor of these extremity fractures. Clinical and laboratory data were used to find the complication factors that made these cases infausta. There were five of six felids which had eosinophilia as a figure of non-specific response of continuous degenerative chronic disease such as parasitism. This was confirmed with helminthic material findings in the vomit of one of the felids. Three of six felids died with complication of macrocytic anemia. One of them had a hypochromic macrocytic anemia. From those three, on one of them also had a high value of creatinin and urea, as a figure of glomerulonephritis or hydronephrosis. There was also an increased presentation of lymphocytes indicating a complication of feline viral infection. All these findings have to be a lesson learned in developing conservation medicine.