Capture Fisheries Based on Local Wisdom in Aceh Jaya District
Monintja, Daniel R.
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This research has been conducted at six sub-districts namely Jaya, Sampoiniet, Setia Bakti, Krueng Sabee, Panga and Teunom in Aceh Jaya district, Aceh Province, Indonesia from September 2012 to February 2013. Study aimed to determine the sustainability status of catching fisheries based on local wisdom in Aceh Jaya district in perspective of institutional dimensions. The methods used were the literature study and survey method by using questionnaires. Data and information were analyzed using the technique of RAPFISH (Rapid Appraisal of the status of Fisheries), in which samples consisted of 117 respondents with 24 fishing activities selected by purposive sampling for being interviewed. The results showed that the institutional dimension of sustainability status of catching fisheries based on local wisdom in Aceh Jaya district has sustainability index values between 88.32 to 95.82 (in status category of excellent or very sustainable). The attributes that were very influential in determining the sustainability index values were the attributes of law enforcement or sanctions for fishermen who broke the law. In the development, it was needed strict punishment from personal of local law enforcement that they had agreed upon for generations as well as efforts to preserve the values of local wisdom that has existed.