Kajian Laju Deforestasi dan Degradasi Hutan Di Kabupaten Lamandau dan Kotawaringin Barat Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah
Jaya, I Nengah Surati
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Issue of deforestation and forest degradation has been attracting the international and national community’s attention. This study was performed to identify rate and driving force of deforestation and degradation occurred in Lamandau and Kotawaringin Barat, Central Kalimantan Province. The study objective is to identify the rate and driving forces of deforestation as well as forest degradation using medium resolution image, Landsat TM. The classification method used to detect and analyze deforestation and forest degradation was visual interpretation, then followed by thematic change technique. Identification of deforestation and forest degradation driving force was done using a depth interview. The results of study show that the deforestation rate during the period of 1990-2013 is 56 408.3 ha/year, while forest degradation rate is 36 195.0 ha/year. The main driving forces of deforestation and forest degradation are opening up forest for road constructions, settlement establishment, estate crop and agriculture development. The major agents of deforestation and forest degradation are local community contributing of approximately 10%, while the rest was contributed by estate crop company (palm oil company).
- UT - Forest Management