Determining the type of Solid-Waste Treatment Facility by Residential Typology Approach In Tangerang City
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As long as waste management paradigm is still collect-transpot-dump patterned, the increase in the volume of waste will continue burdening the city due to the capacity limitation on final disposal area. This limitation makes the reduction in and waste management from the household, both at the individual and community level, becomes a necessity that needs to be expedited. One of the components that affect waste reduction efforts through an integrated waste management 3R is the availability of community-based waste management and community participation as a waste generator. The most important indicators of successful the 3Rs implementation is how to encourage a change in attitude and mindset of the people towards environmentally and sustainability of waste management. This study aims to formulate the provision of domestic waste treatment facility in accordance with the physical characteristics and the character of the people in the residential through: (1) identification of the residential typology in the city of Tangerang based on its waste management, (2) identify the dominant factors that influence the choice of waste management facilities, and (3) to formulate the priority of different types of solid-waste treatment facility based on residential typology. Analysis tools used include (1) spatial analysis through visual interpretation of high-resolution satellite imagery, (2) descriptive analysis of the community character in waste management, (3) Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), and (4) Multi-Criteria Decision Making ( MCDM) by Technique for Order Performance by Similiarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method. In order to identify the residential typology used a combination of spatial analysis and descriptive analysis of the interviews and questionnaires were distributed to the residents. The result of this combination is 12 residential typology that describes the physical characteristics of the environment and character of the people that influential in waste management. Based on the results of AHP by stakeholders perception of the factors required under the general guidelines for community-based 3R waste management in residential areas, it was found that none of the factors very determinant for the waste management facilities choice, with a weight range between 8-17%. The priority type of solid-waste management facilities based on residential typology obtained with the aid of the MCDM-TOPSIS analysis. Based on the analysis we found that there are 6 groups of residentials were grouped according to the type of waste treatment facility priority.
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