Critical Review of Timber Legality Policy in Private Forests (Case in Lampung Tengah Province, Buleleng, Konawe Selatan and Kulonprogo).
Tinjauan Kritis Kebijakan Legalitas Kayu di Hutan Rakyat: Kasus di Kabupaten Lampung Tengah, Konawe Selatan, Buleleng, dan Kulonprogo
Jaya, I Nengah Surati
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Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS) issued by the Ministry of Indonesian Forestry is aimed (1) to achieve sustainable forest management, (2) implement good forest governance, and (3) to combat illegal logging and its trade. This policy is enforced by mandatory, either for the harvested timber from the state forests or from private forest. Since its formulation to implementation, this policy reap the pros and cons. Parties are "pro" argued that in order to achieve the above three objectives, the policy must be enforced by mandatory for all timber businesses, while those who "cons" of this policy looked too much intervention of the private sphere. The objective of this study was to describe the process of policy-making timber legality in private forest, which is achieved by analyzing: 1) the determinants of performance, 2) discursive base for the establishment of regulation and determining influences, and 3) policy space as well as the prospective of policies. Observations on policy implementation was made on the private forest that had been certified with TLAS scheme. This study applied a descriptive analysis method synthesis, analytical hierarcy procces, and analysis of IDS. The study concluded the following: (1) the most dominant determinant factors for development of private forest are market price formation and organizational capacity, (2) Strong goverment, counterpart’s country, and donor institution may cause legality narrative dominate the process of policy making, and marginalize the economy incentives narrative, and (3) the strong actors, networks, interest, and narrative may cause limited policy space for policy change.
- MT - Forestry