Stunting risk factors, food and nutrition consumption pattern of young children 0-23 months
Faktor-faktor risiko stunting, pola konsumsi pangan, asupan energi dan zat gizi anak 0-23 bulan
Hayati, Aslis Wirda
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The objective of this study was to analyze the risks factors of stunting, food and nutrition consumption pattern in young children of 0-23 months old (YC) using the data from Riskesdas 2010. From 6,634 YC in the data, 3,539 were screened out. Nutritional status data were processed using the WHO AnthroPlus 2007, while the other data were processed using the Excel 2007 and SPSS 16.0 for windows. Logistic regression was applied to analyze the risk factors; Man-Whitney U test the different of food consumption, energy and nutrients intake patterns. Between the results of this study showed that the risk of stunting in children 6-11 months and 12-23 are 1.59 and 2.18 times respectively compared to children 0-5 months. The risk of stunting in children with low birth-weight (LBW) is 1.81 times higher compared to children born with normal weight. Underweight YC, YC with low density of protein intake, YC with stunted mother, and YC with low income family status have 3.07, 1.32, 1.57, and 1.26 times respectively of stunting risk. Furthermore, the food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns were different between stunting and non-stunting YC according to their age group. There was no difference in food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting children 0-5 months, but there was difference in children 6-11 and 12-23 months. The implication for Indonesia is the prevention of stunting of the YC should be done by improving the health and nutrition of pregnant mothers, increasing the food quality for YC, and increasing the income of low income families. It is necessary to study the efficacy of nutritional interventions to achieving optimal linear growth in YC.
- DT - Human Ecology