Study of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of Food Handlers on Food Hygiene in Food Kiosks Inside and Outside of IPB Campus Dramaga, Bogor
Studi Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) Higiene Pangan pada Food Handler di Kios Makanan di Dalam dan Luar Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor
Lukman, Denny Widaya
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Food besides giving benefit for human health is also easy to be contaminated with various contaminants so that can cause disease (foodborne disease). One of many factors influencing incidence of foodborne disease is food handler. Important factors on food handlers which have impacts on food hygiene are knowledge, attitude, and practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices; correlation between knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and risk factors of food hygiene practices. Total of 77 kiosks from 373 food kiosks inside and outside of IPB campus in Dramaga, Bogor was sampled randomly. The data include characteristics and KAP food handler which is obtained from interviews with respondents using questionnaires and observations, and level surface sanitizing food handlers hands and dishes in kiosks with RODAC test (total plate count and the number of Staphylococcus aureus). This study showed that most of the food handlers were categorized as good in knowledge (55.8%) and practices (70.1%), while most of food handlers’ attitude were categorized as moderate (51.9%). The level of hygiene in food kiosks was mostly good (76.6%). Risk factors which influenced on hygiene level in food kiosks were age (young age, OR = 12.6), the participation in extension (never exposed to extension, OR = 8.3), and attitude (bad attitude, OR = 43.7). Characteristic variables that had significant correlation with knowledge, attitude, and practice were the correlation between extension and knowledge (r = 0.59), monitoring and knowledge (r = 0.63), work experience and attitude (r = 0.35), purpose of business and attitude (r = 0.51), extension and attitude (r = 0.53), and age and practice (r = 0.71). This study showed significant correlation (p<0.05) between knowledge and attitude (r=0.73), knowledge and practice (r=0.79), and attitude and practice (r=0.84). More than half of food kiosks showed bad sanitation level of hands and plates. Practice of personal hygiene showed significant correlation with score the number of Staphylococcus aureus in food handler hand (r=0.15). The results of this study should be considered as potential threat to consumer health inside and outside of IPB campus in Dramaga, Bogor.
- MT - Veterinary Science