Model dinamika spasial sistem perikanan: kasus pengembangan kawasan perikanan pelagis kecil di Kabupaten Maluku Tengah
Spatial dynamic model of fishery system: case of small pelagic fisheries area development at Central Mollucas Regency
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Disparities of fisheries development in Central Mollucas regency were indicated by differences in fishery system dynamics. High potency and good access to the utilization of small pelagic fishes in the WPP-RI 714 and 715 do not guarantee the welfare of fishers in the region. This condition requires the touch of a fisheries development strategy based on the dynamics of fishery systems. The purpose of this research is to develop the model of spatial dynamics of the fishery system in the area development of small pelagic fisheries. Specially, to analyze spatial dynamics of fisheries system includes natural, human and management subsystems to determine fishing ground accessibilities as an instrument to develop the small pelagic fisheries area, to defining primary commodities, main fishing units and its optimal allocation to support small pelagic fisheries area development, and to determine effects of fishery management policies on small pelagic fisheries area development. The study produced Model of TipoSan, InSist and MoDiS that accommodate the dynamics of the fisheries system components to develop small pelagic fisheries area. Spatial dynamics of natural subsystems which configuration the dynamics of fishing ground accessibility, implications to determine the base of small pelagic fisheries area through nearest access, (2) primary commodities of pelagic fishes are Decapterus spp. Selaroides leptolepis, Elagastis bipinnulatus, Rastrelliger spp. and Stolephorus indicus; seleted fishing technologies are purse seine, boat/raft lift net, vertical hand line, and drift gill net with optimum allocation are 175 units of purse seine and 1,643 units of vertical hand line; and 31.263 fishers; (3) the spatial dynamics of management subsystems based on goverment policies is still weak to supporting the development of small pelagic fisheries area in Central Mollucas regency.
- DT - Fisheries