Model co-management perikanan tangkap di Palabuhanratu
Model of capture fisheries co-management in Palabuhanratu
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Co-management is an approach to management of fishery resources which provide a large role for public participation in the facilitation by the Government and other stakeholders in managing its available resources. Palabuhanratu including many coastal areas has involved public participation, government, universities, NGOs, and private sector in the development of their fisheries activities, and is currently a core minapolitan area. This study aims to analyze the present condition of the implementation of the concept of fisheries co-management in Palabuhanratu and the dominant variables that affect it, determine the type and allocation of fishing effort, determine the appropriate co-management model, and formulating the implementation patterns of co-management cooperation in support of capture fisheries management in Palabuhanratu. This study used a SWOT analysis, QSPM, AHP, scoring analysis, feasibility analysis, analysis of LGP, and SEM analysis. Implementation of fisheries co-management is currently in Palabuhanratu still in a steady growth (quadrant of the matrix V IE, total IFAs = 2.66, total EFAs = 2.46). Dominant variables affecting the implementation of fisheries co-management is a human resource (TNPV = 5.82), capital (TNPV = 5.63), and technology (TNPV = 5.44). Co-management model that most appropriate for the management of capture fisheries in Palabuhanratu is a cooperative co-management model (RK = 0.259 on inconsistency reliable 0.07). Potential fishing effort that supports co-management fishery was payang, gillnet, troll lines, and longline, with the optimal allocation of 141 units, 31 units, 30 units and 20 units, respective by implementation of cooperative co-management can be focused on developing human resources capital (p <0.05), whereas the development of fishing technology can be ignored (p> 0.05). Human resource development should be done in the form of technical assistance and guidance, while training / education in the classroom can be reduced. Capital resources should be prioritized in the capital independent fishermen (K = 0.273, p = 0.00), and the capital of financial institutions (KP = 0.277, p = 0.00). Periodically, the performance of the implementation of co-management in fisheries should be evaluated. This performance evaluation should focus on improving the welfare of fishermen (KP = 3.385, p <0.05) and resource conservation and environmental protection (KP = 2.083, p <0.05).
- DT - Fisheries