The Extinction Factors Of Banteng (Bos Javanicus) In Leuweung Sancang Natural Reserve West Java
Faktor-Faktor Penyebab Kepunahan Banteng (Bos javanicus) di Cagar Alam Leuweung Sancang Jawa Barat
Alikodra, Hadi Sukadi
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Banteng (Bos javanicus) is one of wildlife species that is categorized into the conservation status of "Endangered" which its habitat and population continue to decline to extinction even in natural reserve such as Leuweung Sancang Natural Reserve. Habitat and population of banteng currently just located in national park which is wide area and intensive management with other protected areas including Leuweung Sancang Natural Reserve. The objective of this research is to anlyze the extinction factors of banteng in Leuweng Sancang Natural Reserve by identifying and analyzing the population, distribution, habitat, socio-economic activities of communitie and area management system. To identify ecology, socio economic and management condition with literature study and interview. The research analysis is reliability and validity instrument, spatial, qualitative, quantitative and correlation factors. Wide and shape area, boundary area, area status, PMP activities, stakeholders, community perception and community interaction are all factors than can affect to banteng extinction in Leuweung Sancang Natural Reserve. Correlation factors are (a) wide and shape area (WSA) with community interaction (0.540350); (b) PMP activities with community interaction; (c) boundary area with area status (0.531250). The extinction factors of banteng are illegal hunting that impact of 3 factors, are: (1) habitat degradation especially less maintenance of grazing area and the elongated shape of Leuweung Sancang Natural Reserve did not support banteng population, (2) less of management intensity, (3) local people negative perception for banteng existence.
- MT - Forestry