Model pengelolaan perikanan tangkap di Kawasan Selat Bali
The model of capture fisheries management in the area of Bali Strait
Iskandar, Budhi Hascaryo
Wiyono, Eko Sri
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The fisheries activity was being prime mover (around 80%) of the fishermen and the society economic in the area of Bali Strait. However, it would be very much trivial if the potency was not well managed and unable to give the prosperity for the fishermen society. The research purposes were to determine the level of fishermen prosperity, to forecast the production of major catch of fishes, to determine the level of fisheries business feasibility, to formulate the management of the capacity building for strategy of fisheries resources, and to build the management model of the area that guarantees the sustainability of fisheries development. The method used consisted of the level of prosperity analysis, forecasting analysis, business feasibility analysis, strategy analysis by using AHP, and model analysis by using SEM. The results of analysis showed that the level of fishermen prosperity in the area of Bali Strait was ‘moderate’ (total score=25.80). The production of lemuru tended to increase within the last several years and at the year of 2010 was forecasted to decrease 44,899.13 tonnes. The production of tongkol tended to decrease, and at the year of 2010 was forecasted to reach 2,035.30 tonnes. The production of layang also tended to decrease, and at the year of 2010 was forecasted to reach 1,967.01 tonnes. As the dominant fisheries business, purse seine one boat system (OBS), purse seine two boat system (TBS), gill net and ‘payang’ were very feasible to be developed in the area indicatively the values, NPV>1, IRR>6.25, ROI>1, and B/C Ratio>1. The development managed by the spesific institution establised by local governments (RK=0.284) was the right strategy of capacity building in order to manage the fisheries resources in the area. This specific institution roled to organize the fisheries resources conservation programs, to regulate the exploitation of fisheries resources based on local governments policy (SKB), to supervise selling price and fishing gears operation periodically, to provide the information centre of job opportunity and the vocational centre, and to facilitate the local revenue planning of the sector of fisheries. The management model of the area developed could fit some criteria such as goodness of fit (Chi-square, signifance probability, RMSEA, GFI, AGFI, CMIN/DF, TLI, dan CFII). The results of analysis of the model showed that some concerned components for sustainability guarantee of fisheries development in the area required were local market performance, export market performance, product supply of processing industry to the market, biodiversity, prosperity of fishermen, work force absorption of capture fisheries business and industry, growth of capture fisheries business, income of processing industry and tax.
- DT - Fisheries