Model Pendidikan "GI-PSI-SEHAT" Bagi Ibu dan Dampaknya terhadap Perilaku Ibu dann Lingkungan Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini
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The objective of this study was to develop and to analyze the education comprehensive model (Nutrition-Psychosocial-Health) to improve mother's behavior in order to build good food co;tsumption paltern for children. A quasy-experiment. nonrandomized control group pretest - posltest design study of the impact of the education model "GI-PSI-SEHAT" (Nutrition-Psychosocial-Health) was carried out at urban area in Bogor. West Java. The total of study participants was 131 primiparous mothers of children of 0-11 months. who were selected by purposive sampling technique. consisted of 66 mothers of control group and 65 mothers of intervention group. Education model "GI-PSI-SEHAT" was conducted by face to face method, in groups or individually. with combination of teaching techniques i.e. speech. discussion, simulation. practical and home visit for five months. Teaching aids i.e. bookiets. flip-chart. food-models. and real things were used in order to increase the effectiveness of the programme. The study revealed that there was a positive impact of education model "GI-PSISEHAT" on mother behaviour (knowledge and altitude). caring environment including HOME (Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment) - especially parental role. provision of games material. and stimulation variation - and caring practices as well as feeding practices. Statistical analysis demonstrated that independent variables had strong correlation with response variables. Intervention "GI-PSI-SEHAT" was the most dominant variables that correlated to the knowledge of the mother; the knowledge was the most dominant variables which correlated te the altitude of the mother and HOME score; and HOME score was the most dominant variables that had association with the caring practices. In conclusion. holistic education model "GI-PSI-SEHA roo for mothers with some modification may applicable at another area. especially for community with low education level.