Effect of Chicken Manure Additions on Fish Production in Ponds in West Java, Indonesia
Ted R. Batterson
Cal D. McNabb
Eidman, H. Muhammed
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Results of experiments in Cycle III of the Pond Dynamics/Aquaculture CRSP are reported here. Two experiments were conducted: one lasted l56 days and the other lasted l49 days. During both experiments four levels of dried chicken manure (12.5, 25, 50 and 100 g/m2/wk) were added to 0.02 ha ponds. There were three ponds in each treatment. Results of the two experiments were similar. Yield of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) at final harvest increased linearly with increasing fertilizer application from about 900 kg/ha in the lowest treatment to approximately 2300 kg/ha in the highest. Increased algal productivity and an apparent increase in detritus accompanied increasing fish yield. Analyses of nitrogen and phosphorus suggested that higher algal productivity and fish yields could be obtained by improving the fertilizer regime so that N and P. are available in these ponds in proportions required by pond microflora.