Analisis data landsat ETM+ untuk kajian geomorfologi dan penutup/penggunaan lahan dan pemanfaatannya untuk pemetaan lahan kritis di Kota Cilegon
MetadataShow full item record
Excessive activity of land or soil management could have impacts in the form of soil damage and creation of critical land. Such condition occurs in nearly all areas of Indonesia, including Cilegon city. Land is categorized as critical, if at present, it is not productive or not sufficiently productive, from the point of view of agricultural use, because its management and use has insufficient or no consideration on soil conservation principles. Critical land could disturb ecological balance which results in reduction of environmental quality, and further economic disturbance toward the community. The objectives of this research were: 1) analyzing the data of Landsat ETM+ for study of geomorphology and land cover/land use, 2) identification and mapping of critical land, 3) studying the cause of critical land occurrence in its relation with land form and land use, and 4) providing recommendation for reducing the damage on environmental carrying capacity or for reducing critical land. Method of critical land determination referred to that of Departemen Kehutanan RI, (2003) whereas the calculation was performed by overlay analysis with Geographic Information System (GIS). Based on analysis of Landsat ETM+ Imagery, it was obtained that, combination of band 452 constituted the best combination for geomorphological study, whereas combination of band 542 constituted the best combination for study of land cover/land use. Based on calculation of determining factors for critical land, which comprise land cover/land use, slope, erosion level, and land management condition in the research area, the following results were obtained: 1.977 Ha (10,98%) was categorized as critical land, 639 Ha (3,55%) was categorized as somewhat critical, 5.197 Ha (28,87%) was potentially critical, and 10.189 Ha (56,80%) was non critical land. Factors which had much influence on the occurrence of critical land in the research area were morphology of land form (slope), types of land use (mixed garden/dry land farm), and low quality management of land (soil and water conservation practice). Therefore, critical land area occurred much on land form of denudational volcanic cone of Gunung Gede (KVDG), denudational volcanic cone of Gunung Cidanau (KVDC) and denudational volcanic hill (PVD) which had slopes ranging from steep to very steep. Based on field observation results, impacts of industrial activities (gases and chemical wastes) contributed directly and indirectly to the occurrence of critical land. Research on this problem should be conducted further in other occasion. Key words: Landsat ETM+, Geomorphology, Geographic Information System, Land form, Land use, Critical Land.