Variasi DNA Kloroplas Shorea spp (Shorea acuminata Dyer, Shorea leprosula Miq dan Shorea parvifolia Dyer) Berdasarkan Penanda Mikrosatelit.
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Shorea acuminata, Shorea leprosula, and Shorea parvifolia are members of the Diptecarpaceae family. They are ecologically and commercially important in the Southeast Asia region. In this present study, we used chloroplast microsatellites (cpSSR) to study the variation within and among Shorea species populations and the distribution of chloroplast DNA haplotypes of Shorea species. Based on chloroplast microsatellite analysis, the following diagnostic haplotypes were detected; namely haplotype A, C, and D for S. leprosula, S. parvifolia, and S. acuminata, respectively. In general, haplotype variation of cpSSR was low in this studies. The highest within population variation of cpSSR was observed in S. acuminata. The highest genetic differentiation was detected in S. parvifolia (Gst = 0.58) followed by S. acuminata (Gst = 0.31) and S. leprosula (Gst = 0.14). The haplotypes distribute evenly among different populations and between islands, and do not correspond with geographical separation among populations and islands. Some haplotypes from one species were shared by other species, indicating the possibility of gene flow via interspecific hybridization, that occurred currently and/or in the past. Introgressive hybridization probably occurred among Shorea species due to co-existance in the forest stands and overlapping flowering times.
- MT - Forestry