Biologi Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) dengan pakan daun kaliki (Ricinus communis L.) dan jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) di laboratorium.
MetadataShow full item record
The wild silk moth A. atlas L. is being tried for sericulture in Indonesia. The objectives of this research to find out the feeding consumption, the larvae growth, life-cycle, cocoon and filament quality in A. atlas which is raised inside a room. This research was conducted from March 2007 to May 2008. The research comprises two steps: First, analytical proximate castor (R. communis L.) and purging nut (J. curcas L.) leaves; second, silk moth treatment which is done in the laboratory of Molecular Biology PPSHB IPB. The elements used in this research were: cocoon A. atlas and three types of leaves, which are, sirsak (A. muricata L.), castor and purging nut. The research uses Completely Randomize Design. The data resulted is analyzed by Analyze of Variance proceeded by Duncan Tes. The analyzed parameter is feeding consumption, life-cycle, larvae growth, cocoon and filament quality. The total largest food consumption on the larvae feeding on purging nut leaves is 155.09±0.68 g. The increase of larvae’s length and weight is not really present. The shortest life-cycle happen in larvae feeding on castor (60.80±8.37 days). The highest floss and weight decreasing along the cocoon process happens on larvae feeding on castor (66.22±5.85 %) and purging nut (64.53±4.18 %) leaves. The highest cocoon (9.46±1.70 g) and cocoon skin (1.74±0.79 g) weight are on larvae feeding on sirsak leaves. The percentage of cocoon silk does not differ much. The highest cocoon filament length is on the larvae feeding on sirsak leaves (146.84±138.83 m). The cocoon filament weight does not significantly different much. The lowest cocoon distangling capacity is on larvae feeding on castor leaves (12.20±6.65 %). Sirsak leaves feeding on the larvae is superior in filament and cocoon quality, castor leaves feeding on larvae is superior in the fastest life-cycle, and purging nut feeding on the larvae is superior in the largest feeding consumption.