|dc.description.abstract||Morphological, physiological and ligninolytic characterization of pleurotoid species from Bogor distri ct were
studied. The method for isolation of pleurotoid was a tissue culture conducted, using modified MEA medium.
The selected isolates were maintained and cultured on various media, To identify, the mycelium, fruiting-body,
basidiospores, cystidia and other structures of the fungi were observed using a microscope stereo-monocular
and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The physiological aspects of the fungi were characterized based on
the growth rate, oxidation. reaction, vegetative and reproductive phase, total biomass and biological efficiency.
The growth rate of the fungi was observed on media PDA, MEA, MPA with different temperatures and pH. The
oxtdation reaction was conducted using AAG and AAT media. The ligninolitic activity of fungi was measured
based on the biodegradation of Sengon (Paraser;anthes lalcatar;a) wood sawdust substrate by the fungi. More
than 30 isolates of Pleurotoid were isolated from several places in Bogor. Six isolates of those isolates were
able to fQrm frui ting bodies on media namely Pleurotus djamor EB9 and five isolates of HohenbueheUa
petaloides. Analysis cluster of isolates based on the morphological and physiological characterization showed
that P. djamor EB9 was different from H. petalaides. Classification based on an ligninolytic character was
different from classification based on morphological and physiological characters. P. djamar EB9 seemed to be
separated from other isolates. This shows that there was different ligninolytic character among the isolates.
The best isolate for bio-pulping and bio-bleaching agent was P. djamor EB9 on vegetative phase.||id