Analisis Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan dan Arahan Penggunaan Lahan Wilayah di Kabupaten
Panuju, Dyah Retno
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Development progress of a region is usually followed by the increasing quality and quantity of life standard. One of problem caused by regional development is increasing competition on using agricultural and non agricultural land that. Changing of land use is a development consequence. Objectives of this research are to observe the pattern of land use change in Bandung Regency 2002- 2012, to identify unconformity of current land use to its allocation, to understand regional development hierarchy, to determine factors affecting land use change and to formulate regional land use recommendation. Some utilised methods were spatial analysis for land use change, unconformity identification, skalogram and multiple regression. Spatial analysis is used to determine land use classification and calculate the hectarage of land use change, unconformity analysis was to determine deviations of land use on to spatial plan, skalogram analysis was to determine the level of regional development by using variables including of educational, health, social and economic facilities, and multiple regression was to determine factors affecting land use change. Land use is classified into six types: i.e. forest, plantation, paddy field, dryland agriculture, built-up area and water body. Predominant land use change are from forest to built-up area, from plantation to built-up area, from paddy field to built-up area, from paddy field to dryland agriculture and from dryland agriculture to built-up area. Existing land use on 2012 showed unconformity with its allocation about 54 ha. Regional hierarchy was not distributed evenly. Subdistricts of east region have higher hierarchy than those of west region. Significant factors affecting land use change from agricultural land to built-up areas are agricultural allocation, development of economic facilities, development of GDRP (gross domestic regional product), acreage of land at slope < 5% and acreage of unfertile soil.