COMMUNIW-CENTERED FOREST REHABITITATION IN INDONESIA: PAST EXPERIENCES AND FUTURE DIRECTION
Forest resource s utlfuzation in Indonesia for very long time since collonialism era to preseil been dominated by big forestry companies. This forest utrhzation practices have been a cause of forest degradation. Meanwhile, since decades rural communities have actively out tree planting activities on their own agricultural land supported by government such as regreening or afforestation and land rehabilitation. These programs have conti encouraged the development of household owned forest (hutan ralryat). This fact shows thd one hand state natural forests have been degraded, but household made forests have growing on the other hand. The first objective of this paper is to describe the past experiences on household owned and community forestry development. The government of Indonesia has launched programs for reducing forest degradation, enhancing forest resources productivity, and re forest-communities poverty. Nevertheless these programs have not achieved the satisfyingly because of inappropriate approach and inadequate policy. The second objective ls explain how future directions of community centered forest rehabilitation and community fur development should be done. The role of rural communities is inevitably needed in fi rehabilitation since not only they own manpower, but also local knowledg", social capital, cultural capital. Conversely, forest resources could support communities livelihood and forest communities welfare.
- Forest Management