JENIS PANGAN SARAPAN DAN PERANNYA DALAM ASUPAN GIZI HARIAN ANAK USIA 6—12 TAHUN DI INDONESIA
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The objective of this study was to analyze the type and amount of food consumed at breakfast and its also contribution in daily nutrient intake of school children (6—12 years old). The data used for this study was the secondary data of the Basic Health Survey 2010 (Riskesdas 2010) conducted by the Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Health. The data of 24-hour recall of food consumption and socio-economic were obtained from 35 000 school age children. The results of the study shows that ten most populer food consumed during breakfast are rice, scramble egg, fried tempeh, vegetable soup, fried fish, instant noodle, fried rice, stir vegetable, and fried tofu; and the five most populer beverages consumed during breakfast are drinking water, sweetened tea, milk creamer, powder milk, and tea. Nearly half (44.6%) of the children breakfast with low nutritional quality. Approximately 44.6%, 35.4%, 67.8%, 85.0%, 89.4%, and 90.3% of child-ren consume only <15% RDI for energy, protein, vitamin A, iron, calcium, and fiber respectively. Based on these results and inline with one of the dietary guidelines messages – do breakfast everyday – the healthy breakfast for school children need further promoted intensively. It is suggested that the healthy breakfast should be able to fulfill 15—30% of daily nutrients requirements.
- Faculty of Human Ecology