Faktor-faktor penentu tarif masuk pengunjung Taman Nasional (Studi kasus Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi)
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Almost all Indonesia's national parks (NP) faced the challenge of managing their Jinanees. One innovative way of raising additional was funds the rate of incoming visitors. Determination of entrance fee for national park was currintly based on regional allocatton ofnika system iot on conditions and potentials of the respective national parks. Fees for incoming visitors were iniform for ai national parls Gthin a siigle regional allocation market. Such uniformity had resulted in relatively low fees for some NP and relatively high for others. As a price, visitorsin*aice fee required to be assessed not only from the user side but also from the manager's, especially in naiionil partrs with high jotential number ofvisiirs, such as Guru,mg Merapi (GMNP) with 165,851 visitors annually. The objectives of ihx sndy were to (tj identify the/aciors that affect theimount of entrance fee, (2) determine entrance fee based on GMNP annual management expenses using main coit appriach, i31 determine'intrance fee based on visitors using travel cost method and (4) deternine entrance fee based on annual expenses for GMNp management and visitors. Resilts of the analysis showed that foctors affecting GMNP entrance fee were: (t) based on annual management expenses were operational cost and total number ofvisiars, (2) based on visitors were travel cost, touism attractions and total numberifvisitori pq group, ind (3) based on annual GMNp management ery)enses and visitors, were travel cost, tourism attractions, number ofvisitors per group, operational cost and total number ofvisitors.
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