Gambaran karakteristik garam beridium, penyimpanan, tempat membeli garam dan jumlah konsumsi pada keluarga miskin di Kecamatan Kalideres, Jakarta Barat
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Iodine deficiency disorder is one of health problems that influences directly to the life expectancy and the quality of human being as well as delaying the goal of National Development. The survey of iodized salt consumption reported by BPS (Central Bureau of Statistics) in 2003 shows that in West Jakarta the number of households who consumed an adequate iodine salt( s 30 ppm) was 66.32%. This figure was highest compared to the other four districts in Jakarta and this becomes more important to prevent the deficiency of iodine such as cretinism and the swallowed neck. The aim of the study was gain the information related to the usage of salt, storage, place of buying and consumption of iodized salt among poor families lived in sub-district Kalideres, West Jakarta in 2006. This study was cross sectional. Samples of the study were poor household lived in sub-district Kalideres, West Jakarta involving 60 poor households who received JPSBK (social safety net in health) taken from Puskesmas Kalideres. The number of samples was based on random sampling formula. The study site was taken based on multistage random sampling then sample was chosen through systematic random sampling. The analysis of tables both univariate and bivariate was used to interpret the results. The result showed that most of poor households bought salt in small shop closed to their houses. The brand name of iodized salt used by almost all poor households was "SE", with very fine grade, and generally it was stored in closed container with the average price of Rp.500,- per pack . It was also found that in the households level, the salt was stored in a color-plastic-container and left it opened in cupboard or on the table, far away from heat. The salt was kept with average storage of 5.6 + 0.7 hari. The interesting part of the study was that the salt commonly consumed by most poor households still contained iodine with adequate amount reflected by the existing of purple color using iodine test. The consumption level of the salt was 9.6+ 0.5 gram per person/day.