Isolation and Characterization of Simian Retrovirus Type D from Macaca fascicularis and M. nemestrina in Indonesia
Grand, Richard F
Solihin, Dedy Duryadi
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Simian type D retroviruses (SRVs) are one of the causative agents of simian acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Asian macaques. In the past, SRVisolates from macaques had only been identified at the US primate centers, outside the country of origin and after the animals had been introduced into a new environment. In this study,we report the first isolation, cultivation and molecular characterization of the type D simian retrovirus naturally infecting wild caught macaques in their natural habitats in the country of origin, in this case, Indonesia. When peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from (Mf) and (Mn) were co-cultured with Raji human B-cell line, syncytia were observed microscopically and confirmed by immunofluoresence assay using antibody to SRV-2. Immunoblot analysis of purified Mf-ET1006 from cell culture supernatants demonstrated that the viral core and envelope proteins reacted with rabbit anti-SRV. Sequence analysis of Mf isolates in the viral envelope region revealed high homology to SRV-2 (94-96%). On the other hand, the homologies in the envelope region ofMnisolates were less than 80% to SRV-1, SRV-2, SRV-3 and Mf isolates. This study suggests that the isolate fromMnmay be different from any other publishedSRVisolates.