Studi Potensi Heterobeltiosis pada Persilangan Beberapa Galur Cabai Merah (Capsicum annuum L.)
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Hybrid cultivar is one of the best alternative to increase national hot pepper production. However, lacking of local hybrid cultivars resulted in the dependencyo n importede xpensives eeds. The objectiveo f this reseachi s to study heterobeltiosisp otential and yield of hybrids generatedfr om crosseso f several hot pepper lines. Nine parental lines and their 19 hybrids were evaluated infield experiment at the Pasir Sarongge Experimetal Station of IPB, Cipanas, WesJt ava, in a randomizec ompleteb lock designw ith 3 replications. Ther esults indicatedt hat severalc rossess howed a high potential heterobeltiosis. The cross of CI034 x CI026, CI042 x CI025, dan CI042 x CI026 showed heterobeltiosisv alue of more than 100%. Most of the crossesr evealeda n excellenty ield for mediumf riut type the yield was about 1 kg per plant (CI034 x CIO06), danfor large fruit type was 1,8 kg per plant (CI042 x CIO06), in averagew, hich were higher than the yield of Hot Beauty,a co.mmercialh ybrid cultivar.